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Construction & Demolition Waste – What You Should Know
In the United States, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulates all waste material under the 1976 Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). It is said, construction and demolition waste make up more than twice the amount of garbage generated by households and institutions in the United States.
 
Construction and Demolition use materials that consist of debris generated during the construction, renovation and demolition of large projects like, buildings, roads and bridges.
 
Types of Waste
The National Institute of Building Sciences reports that the following proportions of construction and demolition waste were observed in the United States:
  • Wood - 30%
  • Industrial Waste Stabilizer (IWS) - 25%
  • Gravel, aggregate and fines - 20%
  • Refuse - 5%
  • Concrete - 5%
  • Asphalt roofing - 5%
  • Cardboard and paper - 3%
  • Drywall - 3%
  • Plastic - 1%
  • Carpeting - .85%
  • Window glass - .15%

In recent years, the construction and demolition industry has become more aware of disposal and reuse issues. There are now more opportunities for recovery of materials that would otherwise be discarded as waste. Professionals in the construction industry can educate others on effective strategies for identifying and separating materials to reduce overall waste. A few effective strategies to reduce waste are as follows:


ELIMINATE 
Some waste generated in the process of construction can be eliminated. Elimination of waste can be beneficial to reduce impacts on human health and the environment.
 
MINIMIZE
Some waste can be minimized. Consider the selection of materials being used in a project. If available, use recyclable materials to minimize waste.
 
REUSE
Deconstruct instead of demolish! This will allow you to recover construction material for reuse. For more in-depth information on what materials can be reused, please visit https://www.epa.gov/smm/sustainable-management-construction-and-demolition-materials#WYCD
 
RECYCLE
If you can believe it, most waste materials are recyclable. Some materials may be new, unused or still in good shape, therefore optimal for your next project.
 
DISPOSE
There are a number of ways on how waste from construction can be handled as well as guidelines within the law of doing so. The first thing you should do is, sort waste for easier disposal. After sorting, manage it. If materials cannot be reused or recycled, take it to a landfill or have it hauled away.
 
At the end of the day, waste is a dirty business. There’s always going to be dust, debris and toxic materials. Oaks Dumpster Rental offers waste collection and hauling services to dispose of Construction & Demolition waste accordingly.
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